Symptoms and causes of gingivitis
You may be one of the many people with gingivitis, it is characterized by:
- Red, swollen gums
- Sore gums
- Bleeding when brushing your teeth or flossing
Gingivitis in its early stages is not necessarily a serious threat, it may have some swelling in the gums caused by plaque and the most common is that we all have something of plaque in the areas where we clean worse.
Gingivitis is easily treated if we maintain good hygiene, especially good use of toothbrush and dental floss. However, if we ignore the symptoms and do not treat the gingivitis becomes periodontitis and then yes we will face a serious chronic health problem and complex treatment.
The first sign of gingivitis is inflammation of the gums in the area where it meets the tooth. This flash occurs as the result of the accumulation of food debris and bacteria from forming a thin layer or “biofilm” that adheres to the surface of teeth and which is called plaque.
Gingivitis is very common in the population because in most cases leave certain areas of the mouth not cleaned properly, either because they are difficult to reach with the brush, because they use dental tape or because they simply have bad oral hygiene habits. Clear evidence that this is happening is the inflammation and bleeding of the gums when you brush or floss use.
Other causes of gingivitis include: mouth breathing during sleep (oral breathing), hormonal changes, certain diseases, certain medications, malnutrition, etc..
People who sleep breathing through the mouth can have a persistent gingivitis especially on upper teeth. The gums are dried overnight effect of aeration and can become inflamed.
Hormonal changes also affect the state of the gums. Pregnant women are especially at risk and should therefore be done at the dentist reviews more often.
Stress and diseases like diabetes increase the risk of periodontal disease. Also medications such as some antidepressants, sleeping pills or medications to treat certain heart problems may increase the risk of gingivitis by reducing the flow of saliva and dry gums. Smoking also dries the mouth and makes it harder to recover from the gum.
Distinction between gingivitis and periodontitis
The distinction between gingivitis and periodontitis not only by the degree of progress and severity of the problem but by the Affected tissues. Gingivitis affects only the gums and is reversible if we apply the necessary care. Instead periodontitis also affects bone and periodontal ligament and once we reach this state is much more difficult to treat. Periodontitis involves a loss of bone that will be difficult to reverse. Bone is the structure that supports the teeth and when affected our teeth is at serious risk.
How to prevent periodontitis
At the first signs of bleeding while brushing should not be alarmed but not ignore what it means. It is a clear sign that we need to improve our oral hygiene (brushing, flossing, good mouthwash, etc..) And perform regular cleanings at the dental clinic.
It is important that the dentist or dental hygienist explain to us where to make good hygiene. Brush teeth more than necessary can cause withdrawal of the gum and wear on the neck of the tooth. Brushing too hard can damage the enamel and cause tooth sensitivity. Brushing and flossing use must succeed and is vital to learn how.